When you “clean” something, what are you doing?
By definition, you are removing soil from a surface, whether that soil is dirt or pizza sauce, or whether that surface is the kitchen counter or your pants. There’s only one other item in the cleaning equation: the cleaning solution. In the cleaning process, the cleaning solution interacts with the soil, breaks its connection to the surface, and safely washes it away, restoring the surface to its original state.
Of course, there are many variables when it comes to cleaning. Soils and surfaces vary wildly, and you wouldn’t have enough room under your sink to store a specially formulated solution for every surface/soil combination. So the cleaning industry has formulated products that work effectively on most common soils and surfaces encountered in any given cleaning application. You will find similarities between these products within the contents of their specific ingredients.
Acids & Bases